The stone masonry industry regularly use various kinds of natural and artificial stone. Selecting the most appropriate stone for the proper application is important.
Here are some various kinds of natural stone, within the three, main geographical rock types:
Igneous Igneous rock is formed by the cooling of magma or lava and may or might not involve crystallization characteristics. Natural, igneous stone types include Granite which can be one of the hardest stone around and requires special stonemason techniques to work with. kent ragstone fixers It’s generally used by masons because of its strength and durability in countertops, kerbstones and flooring.
Other igneous rock types are the softer Pumice and Scoria to the more harder Obsidian and Basalt stone which are used in stone masonry for groundwork and building blocks.
Metamorphic Metamorphic rock is rock which includes undergone transformation from a current rock type, involving extreme pressures and temperatures over long periods of time, causing profound chemical and physical’metamorphism ‘.
Marble is a typical and popular metamorphic rock which includes, by tradition, been carved into statues, and for facing Renaissance stonework. You can find various kinds of marble differentiated by their colour, petographic type and other factors. Some typically common types are the white or blue-grey Carrara marble quarried in Carrara, Italy. Marble is used by stonemasons mainly for it’s decorative characteristics in flooring, tiling and in fireplaces.
Another popular metamorphic rock is Slate. Its hardness and granularity provides a sharpness which can be popular for memorials and inscriptions. Its layered form enables masons to split it into thin plates and use it as a roofing material.
Sedimentary Sedimentary rock is formed in water from the sedimentation of other rock, calcium deposits and organic particles. Again, a long process and application of heat and pressure to form strata layers right into a structure called bedding. Through this bedding you may also find fossil fuels and ores.
Common Sedimentary rock are limestone. Commonly used samples of limestone include Yorkstone, Sydney and Bath and Portland stone which the majority of the City of Bath is created from. Kentish Ragstone is another famous limestone from Kent used by Kent stonemasons of the past. Westminster Abbey, the Tower of London and Kent’s Castles such as Leeds Castle are famous stoneworks made from Kent Ragstone by Kent masons.
Travertine can also be a popular limestone which can be employed for its soft aesthetic looks. It is often used as a cladding, in flooring, walls and in bathrooms